Design, Development & Operational HistoryEdit
A lightweight multipurpose fighter plane, the Ki-61 Hien («Swallow») was well-armed and well-armored. From the very beginning, the makers of the Ki-61 concerned themselves with protecting the fuel tanks and the pilot. The light multipurpose fighter was an effective answer to «hit-and-run» fighters, thanks to its survivability and high diving speed.
The Ki-61 had a Kawasaki Ha-40 liquid-cooled inverted V12 engine, a licensed copy of the DB 601A, capable of 1175 hp. A prototype was ready in 1941, and by the next year the first production models were manufactured and the Ki-61-I-Ko began its service life. It was equipped with two wing-mounted 7.7 mm machine guns and two fuselage-mounted 12.7 mm machine guns.
All in all, 1380 Ki-61-I-Ko and Ki-61-I-Otsu aircraft were manufactured, including prototypes.